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(escucha el audio más de una vez para familiarizarte con los términos que
se introducen y explican)
weather turns warmer, many people love to head outdoors to dig in the
dirt, plants seeds and watch them grow.
Gardening is a very popular hobby. And it is one that produces wonderful
results – food for your dinner table and flowers for your home!
Gardens themselves can be very beautiful. So you would think that a
garden path is a great place to be. Well, in conversation, it is not.
Leading someone up the garden path means you are trying to trick them.
You are not trying to show them your beautiful flowers.
Speaking of beautiful flowers, gardeners love to see small buds forming
on their plants.
Besides plants and flowers, people can bud, too. If a child is good at
drawing and painting, we can call him a budding artist. Or if someone
just completed law school, we can call her a budding lawyer. So
“budding” describes something that is beginning to develop.
On the opposite end, you stop something from growing if you nip it in
the bud. This is a common expression when we talk about stopping
something bad and preventing it from continuing. It’s good to nip small
problems in the bud before they turn into big problems.
Now flowers that bloom are beautiful to see -- even garden-variety
“Garden-variety” describes anything that is common and not so special.
You can have a garden-variety cold -- not a serious illness. You can
have a garden-variety problem at work -- nothing special, just a common
problem with a colleague.
Now, a problem that many gardeners have is weeds. Weeds grow easily and
can quickly take over a garden. In conversation, we sometimes use
“weeds” to mean too many details. So, if you are in the weeds, you are
taken over by too many details.
Often, we put ourselves in the weeds. That usually happens when someone
knows a lot about a topic.
For example, let’s say a politician is giving a speech on affordable
housing. But she gives too much information on the legislative process
needed to accomplish her goal. You could say, “She is really in the
weeds. People stopped listening 20 minutes ago. They just want to know
if they are going to be able to buy a house or not. They are not
interested in all these boring details.”
From politics to sports to movies, you can be in the weeds on any topic.
As we said, weeds grow quickly. So do children. So, we like to say a
child grows like a weed.
This expression compares a child’s fast growth to that of a weed. Saying
a child grows like a weed, does not compare a child to a weed in any
other way – like being annoying or unwanted. So, you can use it with
family, friends or even at work as you talk about your boss’s child.
Some weeds may not be pretty to look at, but flowers in full bloom are
Blooms that appear later than others can be among the most surprising.
When a person is a late bloomer, it means they became successful,
attractive or developed a skill at a later time in life than other
So, being a late bloomer is a good thing. Being a blooming idiot is not.
This insult describes someone who is lacking in common sense – severely
Now, let’s hear some of these expressions used in a short dialogue.
Thanks for inviting me out for a walk. I didn’t know this park had such
beautiful flower gardens.
I know! Nobody knows it’s here. It’s like a hidden treasure in the city.
I really need to walk off some of my mom’s home cooking. I ate so much
on my trip home last weekend!
How is everyone back home?
Oh, they're doing fine. I hadn’t seen my sister and her son for a long
time. So, it was nice to catch up with them.
How old is your nephew?
He just turned 16 and is growing like a weed. He’s taller than I am now!
And he’s so smart. He actually gave me a great business idea that turned
out to be the perfect solution for a problem I was having.
Sounds like your nephew is a budding businessman!
He totally is! His ideas have been better than a woman on my development
team. I actually had to fire her last week.
Well, it was strange. She was fine when you talked with her one-on-one.
But every time we met with buyers, she turned into a blooming idiot.
Ha, “blooming idiot” -- I haven’t heard that in a long time! What did
Well, at client meetings she would make strange noises, like a bird,
when others were talking. Then when she wanted to make a strong point,
she would throw pencils around the room. I mean … who does that?
A blooming idiot.
Exactly! And she wasn’t your garden-variety idiot.
What was so special about her idiocy?
She seemed mentally unstable. So, I nipped that problem in the bud.
It’s best to take care of a problem like that quickly. I’m sure you made
the right decision. Your business has been really successful. You must
really love what you do.
I do. And when it comes to my career, you could say I’m a late bloomer.
When I was younger, I had so many jobs that I hated. It took me much
longer than other people to find work that I love.
I’d rather be a late bloomer. I went to high school with a girl who had
perfect grades, was a superstar athlete and was also the prettiest and
most popular girl in school. But I think the pressure to succeed after
such a great high school experience was too much for her.
What happened to her?
She kind of gave up. I’ve heard that she’s been married three times, is
unemployed and has a serious drinking problem. Sorry, to drag you into
the weeds. That’s way too much information about someone you don’t know.
That’s okay. I went to school with a similar guy. It sometimes happens
to people who bloom too soon. Good to be a late bloomer!
garden – n. a plot of ground where herbs,
fruits, flowers, or vegetables are cultivated hobby – n. a pursuit outside one's regular occupation engaged in
especially for relaxation path – n. a track that is made by people or animals walking over
the ground < We followed a winding path through the woods. > variety – n. the quality or state of having different forms or
types nip – v. to sever by or as if by pinching sharply nipped the dead
flowers from the plant : to destroy the growth, progress, or fulfillment
of idiot – n. a foolish or stupid person walk off – phrasal v. : to get rid of a bad feeling or condition
by going for a walk catch up – phrasal v. : to provide with the latest information gave up – phrasal v. : to quit doing or attempting something
especially as an admission of defeat Right on! - informal phrase / somewhat old-fashioned : used to
say that you agree completely with what someone has said
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