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(escucha el audio más de una vez para familiarizarte con los términos que
se introducen y explican)
Stress is a state of mental tension. It is the
opposite of calm or peaceful.
Mental stress might happen when a person is being judged or measured –
like with school or work.
Or if you're on trial! Talk about being judged!
Yes, if you have to go to court you would probably be stressed about it.
Sometimes people use the phrase “stressed out.” That means they feel
more stress than they can deal with. They are overstressed.
If you are a parent of a teenager you might hear this expression pretty
often: “Mom, you’re stressing me out.” That is especially common after
you tell the teen to clean her room…or study for his test…or just get
out of bed!
But stress can lead to -- or be a sign of -- more serious mental
disorders, like depression.
Depression: a mood disorder
Yes, that is true. Merriam Webster defines depression as “low in spirits.”
Other dictionaries describe it as a feeling of sadness.
Depression can be a short-term reaction to something bad that happens.
But it can also be long term condition.
U.S. mental health officials define it as “a serious mood disorder that
affects how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, like sleeping,
eating, or working.”
Mood. That is a good word for us to talk about. Your mood is an
emotional state. If you are enjoying a walk in a pretty park on a warm,
sunny day, you are probably in a good mood.
If you are watching a sad movie, it might bring your mood down. If you
are stuck in traffic, you might get in a really bad mood.
Anxiety and phobias
Yes, bad traffic can cause anxiety, especially if you are trying to get
somewhere at a certain time. Anxiety is a state of worry and unease. The
adjectival form is anxious. For example, "I am anxious I will be late
for the wedding."
Do you get anxious when you are flying on a plane?
Oh yes, flying can cause stress for a lot of people, including me. Some
suffer from a fear of flying. The medical term for that is aviophobia.
A phobia is an extreme or unreasonable fear or dislike of something. A
couple common conditions are acrophobia, which is a fear of heights; and
claustrophobia, a fear of small spaces.
And a few years back there was a horror movie called Arachnophobia.
That was about an invasion of deadly spiders. That is my phobia! I am
terrified of spiders! I actually had a panic attack watching that movie.
I’ve never had one before. What is it like? What does it mean?
Well, panic is sudden, uncontrollable fear or anxiety. It can cause wild,
sort of, unthinking behavior. A panic attack is a period of extreme
anxiety. It might even become hard for a person to breathe. Which is
what happened when I watched Arachnophobia.
People who have phobias or other disorders often seek mental health
therapy. Therapy is a term that can be used for any kind of continuous
medical treatment. People might go to physical therapy after a knee
operation, for example.
But when people just say therapy alone, they often mean mental health or
psychotherapy. Another word for such therapy is counseling.
Counseling or therapy can come in all kinds of settings. You can meet
with a group of people that share a common problem, or you can have
private visits with a doctor called a psychiatrist. You might also have
a longer-term stay at a medical center.
Yeah, like when movie stars check themselves into rehab. Rehab stands
for rehabilitation. To rehabilitate means to restore to a healthy
condition. There are many rehab centers in the U.S. that treat drug
addiction, for example.
That's another term worth explaining, Bryan, drug addiction. This means
a dangerous, unhealthy dependence on a drug or drugs. This can include
alcohol. Although, a dependence on alcohol is often called alcoholism.
I think I might be addicted to caffeine. I cannot do much of anything
before I have my morning coffee. This addiction does not seem to cause
me real problems, though. But, I do get a bad mood if I don’t have
psyche - n. the soul, mind, or personality of
a person or group stress - n. a state of mental tension and worry caused by
problems in your life, work, etc. depression - n. a state of feeling sad; also a serious medical
condition in which a person feels very sad, hopeless, and unimportant
and often is unable to live in a normal way mood - n. the way someone feels : a person's emotional state anxiety - n. fear or nervousness about what might happen phobia - n. an extremely strong dislike or fear of someone or
something panic attack - n. a sudden state or feeling of extreme fear that
makes someone unable to act or think normally therapy - n. the treatment of physical or mental illnesses counseling - n. advice and support that is given to people to
help them deal with problems, make important decisions, etc. rehab - n. a program for helping people who have problems with
drugs, alcohol, etc. — often used after in or into addiction - n. a strong and harmful need to regularly have
something (such as a drug) or do something (such as gamble) caffeine - n. a substance that is found especially in coffee and
tea and that makes you feel more awake
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