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has a great effect on how our minds and our bodies work. Perhaps that is
why we have so many expressions that combine the word “cold” with body
The most straightforward example is the adjective coldhearted. Just as
it sounds, a coldhearted person is distant and, well, cold. An action
can be coldhearted as well. This would be one that shows no love or
There are many songs about coldhearted men or coldhearted women who,
without feeling, broke the hearts of their lovers.
Other similar adjectives often get a hyphen, like cold-blooded.
Reptiles, amphibians and most fish are cold-blooded animals. This means
they are unable to control their own body temperature. Mammals, on the
other hand, are warm-blooded -- well, for the most part. There are some
people in the world you could call cold-blooded.
People who show no emotions or feelings are often described as cold-blooded.
Cold-blooded people are hard to get close to. And they often do terrible
things, on purpose.
For example, the police might look for someone they call a cold-blooded
killer. The person killed someone without any understandable cause - not
in self-defense, fear or even anger. Killing for no reason is often
Okay, enough of cold-blooded people. Let’s go back to fish!
As we said earlier, most are cold-blooded. So, calling a striped bass or
rainbow trout a “cold fish” is fine. They would not be insulted…if they
could be insulted.
But calling a person a “cold fish” is an insult.
A cold fish is a person who is unfriendly, unemotional and shows no love
or warmth. Cold fish do not offer much of themselves to anyone.
However, not everyone who doesn’t show their feelings is a cold fish.
Some people keep their feelings to themselves until they know you better.
We could describe these people with the expression cold hands, warm
This means that a person may be very kind and warm. But they just don’t
show their feelings very easily. Take my friend Celeste as an example.
She doesn’t normally show her feelings. But she is always ready to help
and is very kind. She is a classic case of cold hands, warm heart.
Speaking of hands, the hands and feet are some of the first body parts
to feel the cold. Getting cold feet is no fun – outdoors or in
To get cold feet means to become afraid to do something you had already
decided to do. We use this expression in situations that make us nervous
or afraid -- from leading a big meeting at work to singing on stage in
front of strangers.
But we commonly use it in connection with weddings. People who are about
to get married may begin to feel nervous as the day nears. They begin to
question if they should take such a big step. If a bride shares these
feelings of nervousness and uncertainty, a relative or friend might
answer with “Don’t worry! This is a classic case of cold feet!”
Another body part involved in our cold expressions today is the shoulder.
You give someone the cold shoulder when you refuse to speak to them. You
ignore them. The expression probably comes from the physical act of
turning your back toward someone. You may give a cold shoulder to a
friend who has broken a promise, or to someone who has said mean things
straightforward – adj. easy to do or
understand : not complicated sympathy – n. the feeling that you care about and are sorry about
someone else's trouble, grief, misfortune, etc. : a sympathetic feeling trend – n. a general direction of change : a way of behaving,
proceeding, etc., that is developing and becoming more common forked tongue – n. the intent to mislead or deceive —usually used
in the phrase to speak with forked tongue striped bass – n. a large silvery marine food and sport fish that
has black horizontal stripes on the sides, rainbow trout – n. a large trout native to western North America
that usually has red or pink stripes with black dots on its side classic case – n. a typical example specific – adj. relating to a particular person, situation, etc.
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