- Escucha el audio sin consultar el texto. Escucha después nuevamente el audio (utiliza el "control de
audio" o bien el icono "altavoz")
texto y fijándote especialmente en aquéllas palabras o expresiones que no hayas
- Puedes descargar el Audio (a través del icono "altavoz" ). Utiliza el botón derecho del ratón y "guardar enlace" para
descargar el fichero a tu PC, tablet, Smartphone, etc.
- Aprovecha tus momentos libres (desplazamientos, ocio, etc.) para escuchar los
- Puedes también descargar el Texto (copia el texto a Word, bloc de notas, etc., y guárdalo en
tu dispositivo para consultarlo offline cuando quieras).
Escucha el audio
(escucha el audio más de una vez para familiarizarte con los términos que
se introducen y explican)
environment is figuratively cold, meaning not cold in temperature but
rather cold in feeling. People can be mean. Work can be thankless.
Living conditions can be hard.
And sometimes the world is literally cold.
Temperatures drop. Snow falls from the clouds and sticks to the ground.
Ice covers sidewalks and roads. Bitterly cold wind stings your face.
Whether your world feels literally or figuratively cold, our program
today will give you the language to find comfort and warmth!
First, let's talk about our first protection against the cold --
When the weather is cold, it is important to wear the right clothing.
Warm clothes, a good coat, hat, scarf, and gloves can make all the
difference. In fact, I've read that Swedish people have this expression:
"There is no bad weather only bad clothing."
So, when it's cold outside, you need to bundle up! This phrasal verb
means to dress warmly. Being underdressed in cold weather can be
unpleasant or even dangerous.
Parents often tell children to bundle up as advice. "Make sure to bundle
up! It's really cold today." Babies bundled up in soft blankets are warm,
protected and very cute!
After a day out in the cold world, it feels good to come home and change
out of your day clothes. Putting on something comfortable, like pajamas,
can warm both the body and soul.
When we use "comfortable" to describe things like clothing or furniture,
we sometimes shorten it to just comfy. For example, "This sweater is so
comfy!" or "Your couch is very comfy."
Now, a simple pleasure on a cold, winter day is to sit close to a warm
fire. If you are lucky enough to be sitting by a fire, wearing comfy
clothes, and drinking a cup of hot chocolate, you could say you are
comfy-cozy, toasty-roasty. This sounds like part of a children's song,
but it is just a way of saying you are warm and comfortable.
If you're really lucky, you have someone to cozy up with. To cozy up to
someone means to get physically close to them. Another word for this is
to snuggle. After a bad day, it can be warm and comforting to cozy up
with a husband or wife, boyfriend or girlfriend, or even your loyal dog
But this expression has another meaning.
To cozy up to someone can mean to start a friendship with someone or
simply be nice to them in an attempt to get something. In order to get
something you want, you are nice and extra friendly.
Let's hear it used in this example.
A: Matthew has been so nice to me recently. It's strange. I didn't think
he liked me.
B: He heard that you will be deciding who goes overseas to work on that
big project. So, he's cozying up to you.
A: Oh. That explains the box of chocolates he gave me!
So, people can cozy up to others to try to get something they want but
so can industries. You may hear “cozy up” when talking about the attempt
to influence government officials. For example, to get favorable laws
passed, lobbyists may cozy up to lawmakers.
Another way we say this is to get cozy (with someone.) You might hear it
used this way. “I see you’ve been getting cozy with the coach lately.
Worried about your position on the team, are you?”
Now, even though big business and lawmakers often cozy up with each
other, we would not describe either of them as warm-and-fuzzy. (Sometimes
this word combination is hyphenated. Sometimes it is not.)
Something that feels really good after escaping the cold is something
warm-and-fuzzy. Fuzzy describes something very soft to the touch – like
a puppy or a kitten.
So, warm-and-fuzzy clothing can comfort you after dealing with literal
cold. But something warm-and-fuzzy can also protect you against
figurative cold. For example, a movie can be warm-and-fuzzy. This means
it makes you feel good when you watch it.
However, we also use this expression to describe someone or something
that is really cold or unfeeling. As we said earlier, lobbyists and
lawmakers usually aren't warm-and-fuzzy.
Let's hear how it is used in another example:
A: "Your roommate sure isn't the warm and fuzzy type, is she?"
B: "No, she's not. Last week when I had a cold, she told me not to
sneeze so loudly."
A: "Now, that's cold."
After a bad day -- either a cold or hot one -- many of us just want to
get home and escape.
My perfect way to escape would be change into my comfy-cozy pajamas,
sink into my comfy couch and curl up in front of a fire to watch a warm-and-fuzzy
“To curl up” means to make your body into the shape of a ball to keep
warm, as a kitten would. Is there anything cuter than a fuzzy, baby
animal curling up by its mother? I don't think so.
figuratively – adv. using words not in their
normal literal meaning but in a way that makes a description more
interesting or impressive literally – adv. with the meaning of each individual word given
exactly sting – v. to prick painfully: such as comfort – n. a state or situation in which you are relaxed and do
not have any physically unpleasant feelings caused by pain, heat, cold,
etc. underdressed – adj. to dress in clothes that are too informal or
not warm enough for an occasion cute – adj. having a pleasing and usually youthful appearance soul – n. a person's deeply felt moral and emotional nature slip – v. to lose your balance especially on a slippery surface snuggle – v. to lie or sit close together in a comfortable
position industry – n. a group of businesses that provide a particular
product or service
TAMBIÉN TE PUEDE
¿Quieres recibir en tu e-mail gratis y
periódicamente ejercicios, programas gratuitos, explicaciones y otros recursos
para mantener tu inglés sin esfuerzo? Apúntate a nuestro
cuaderno quincenal de inglés.