- Escucha el audio sin consultar el texto. Escucha después nuevamente el audio (utiliza el "control de
audio" o bien el icono "altavoz")
texto y fijándote especialmente en aquéllas palabras o expresiones que no hayas
- Puedes descargar el Audio (a través del icono "altavoz" ). Utiliza el botón derecho del ratón y "guardar enlace" para
descargar el fichero a tu PC, tablet, Smartphone, etc.
- Aprovecha tus momentos libres (desplazamientos, ocio, etc.) para escuchar los
- Puedes también descargar el Texto (copia el texto a Word, bloc de notas, etc., y guárdalo en
tu dispositivo para consultarlo offline cuando quieras).
Escucha el audio
(escucha el audio más de una vez para familiarizarte con los términos que
se introducen y explican)
several kinds of citrus fruit. The most common are limes, oranges,
grapefruit, tangerines and lemons.
Out of all of them, it is the lemon that has found its way into a number
of English language expressions.
While eating an orange or grapefruit can be pleasant, we don't usually
eat plain lemons. Lemons are really sour. The acid in them makes it
really hard to eat them raw. Lemons are so acidic they can actually take
the protective enamel off your teeth.
So, biting into a lemon does not bring a smile to your face. In fact,
when someone is unhappy she may have a puckered look on her face. In
this case we can say she looks as if she just sucked on a lemon. We can
also call this person a sourpuss. This is a person who always complains
and always looks unhappy.
With its really sour taste, sucking on a lemon is unpleasant. So,
telling someone to "Go suck a lemon!" is a way of showing your anger.
It's not really nice and sounds childish. But there are worse things you
While we don’t usually eat lemons raw, they can add taste and vitamin C
to food and drinks. But in everyday speech, the word “lemon” usually
represents something poor, bad or broken.
For example, if you hand someone a lemon, you have given them something
that is broken or doesn’t work. This expression means that you have
cheated them. A "lemon" can also mean an unsatisfactory answer.
As we said, a lemon can be something you bought that does not work. It
is defective. Americans often use the word lemon to describe a newly-bought,
but defective vehicle.
Let's say you go to an automotive dealership and buy what you think is a
good car. On the streets around the dealership, it runs perfectly. But
on the drive home, everything goes wrong. The gas pedal sticks. The
engine starts smoking. Then it just stops running in the middle of the
You have bought a lemon.
As you watch the tow truck take away the car for repairs, you call the
dealership and demand your money back. The salesman says with a laugh,
"No way! All sales are final!"
Now, many people would get angry. Not only do you not have a car, but
you have lost a lot of money. But you don't get upset. You find a way to
make this situation work for you.
After all, you are a person who looks on the bright side. Your life's
belief is: When life give you lemons, you make lemonade!
Here, the term "lemon" means a problem or difficulty in life. Lemonade
is a cool refreshing drink. You could say it is the prize you get by
overcoming difficulty with your good attitude.
So, we use this expression to describe a situation where something goes
wrong but the person in the situation chooses to turn it into a positive
experience. People who turn lemons into lemonade we call optimistic.
They have a can-do attitude!
This is a common phrase and we use in many different situations.
Sometimes we don't even need to say the whole thing. If you simply say,
"When life gives you lemons ..." people will know what you mean.
So, back to our broken car story. You take the lemon of a car you bought
at the dealership and you make lemonade.
First, you learn about your rights as a buyer under a measure known as
the lemon law. In the United States, this requires an automobile
manufacturer or dealer to replace, repair, or refund the cost of an
automobile that proves to be defective after purchase.
Under the lemon law, you will get your money back. But don't stop there.
Why make a glass of lemonade when you can make a whole pitcher!
You warn friends and neighbors about that car dealership. You write an
article for the local newspaper about lemon laws. The newspaper receives
many emails and letters from people who had similar experiences. Knowing
their rights, they also demand their money back for the lemons that were
sold to them. The newspaper is so happy with the amount of responses
that it offers you a part-time job writing stories about consumer issues.
You've turned a bad experience into something good and you've helped
others. Life gave you lemons and you made lemonade.
citrus – n. a juicy fruit (such as an orange,
grapefruit, or lemon) that has a thick skin and that comes from a tree
or shrub that grows in warm areas — often used before another noun sour – adj. having an acid taste that is like the taste of a
lemon acid – n. chemistry : a chemical with a sour taste that forms a
salt when mixed with a base / acidic – adj. containing acid : having a
very sour or sharp taste pucker – v. to pull the sides of (something, such as skin or
cloth) together so that folds or wrinkles are formed : puckered – adj. defective – adj. having a problem or fault that prevents
something from working correctly : having a defect or flaw optimistic – adj. having or showing hope for the future :
expecting good things to happen : hopeful positive – adj. good or useful can-do – adj. having or showing an ability to do difficult things attitude – n. the way you think and feel about someone or
something refund – n. to give back money that someone paid for something (such
as a product that was returned or a service that was not acceptable) consumer – n. a person who buys goods and services
TAMBIÉN TE PUEDE
¿Quieres recibir en tu e-mail gratis y
periódicamente ejercicios, programas gratuitos, explicaciones y otros recursos
para mantener tu inglés sin esfuerzo? Apúntate a nuestro
cuaderno quincenal de inglés.