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was a gambler. He had lived in the small western town of Poker Flat for
only a short time. He had defeated many people at cards. He had also won
a lot of their money. For that reason alone, he was not well liked.
On the morning of November twenty-third, eighteen fifty, he saw some men
talking as he walked down the main street of town. As he came near, they
got quiet. He said to himself, “Hmmm, I guess they are talking about me.
And that can’t be good.” Oakhurst was right. Some of the town’s leaders
had met secretly and decided to force some people to leave. They thought
Poker Flat would be a better place to live if those people were gone.
Besides Oakhurst, two women of low morals were led to the edge of town.
They were the “Duchess” as she was called, and “Mother Shipton.” A man
called “Uncle Billy” was added to the group. He was known to drink too
much. Some people thought that he had also stolen some gold. They had no
proof. But that did not matter. Uncle Billy was just no good, and he had
to go. The “outcasts” were told that if they ever came back, they would
So, the four of them slowly rode out of town. The “Duchess” cried and
said she would probably die on the road. Mother Shipton and Uncle Billy
cursed. “Mother” said she would like to “cut the heart out” of the
people who done this to them. But John Oakhurst rode in silence. He
thought all of life was a gamble. He had just run into some bad luck.
That was all.
The outcasts were headed for Sandy Bar, a camp not too far away. But it
was high up in the cold Sierra Mountains, and the path was anything but
smooth. Around noon, Mother Shipton became so tired she fell off her
horse. She said that was as far as she was going today. Oakhurst tried
to make them move on because they had no food or fuel. But the three
would not listen. Instead they began to drink alcohol that Uncle Billy
had hidden. Soon they were quiet and asleep.
Oakhurst did not drink. He stood nearby and watched them. He began to
think about his life and about how lonely he was. Yet he was stronger
than his three companions. He could have left them there and set off
alone. But he did not.
Then, he heard someone call “John Oakhurst.” A young man named Tom
Simson came riding up. The gambler knew Tom. They had once played cards
and Oakhurst had won. But after the game, he told young Tom that he was
too easy to beat. And he gave him back his money. Tom said Oakhurst
would be his friend for life.
Tom was not alone. From behind a tree came his new wife, a girl named
Piney Woods. Her father had not wanted her to marry Tom. So they had run
away. Tom told Oakhurst that he had a little food. He also showed him an
old log house just off the path. Years of harsh weather had nearly
ruined it. But it was all they had, and it would have to do. The women
could spend the night in there. The men would make a fire and sleep on
the ground by the door.
The night seemed to pass quickly. But the weather became colder. The
wind increased, and it began to snow. Oakhurst had a bad feeling. He
turned to where Uncle Billy had slept, and found him gone. He had left
the others and even taken their horses. Oakhurst said Uncle Billy had
probably gone for help. But he knew better. The group of five decided to
wait for the snow to stop before traveling farther. They no longer had
horses. From here on, they would be on foot.
By the third day out from Poker Flat, the snow had gotten deep. They
could no longer see the path. Food was running low. Everything around
them was white and cold. One week later they still had not moved. The
snow had continued to fall and was deeper than ever. And it continued to
fall. It formed a prison they could not escape. Still, they could see
smoke rising from the warm fires in the houses down below in Poker Flat.
The site seemed especially cruel.
But the little group of outcasts tried to keep up their spirits. They
tried to stay as warm as they could. They sat together by their own
open-air fire. And Tom Simson pulled a small accordion from his pack.
Piney Woods played the instrument. They all sang songs. The music took
on a defiant quality, a quality of resistance. But the outcasts had to
listen to the sad cries of their mostly empty stomachs. The hunger got
worse with each passing day.
At midnight on the tenth day, Mother Shipton called Oakhurst to her side.
She said, “Give this to the young ones.” In a bag was all her food. She
had not eaten for days. She had saved the food for the others. She
turned quietly to the wall of the log house, and died.
John Oakhurst began to think that none of them would live out the storm.
He gave Tom Simson a pair of snowshoes and asked him to try to walk back
to Poker Flat for help. He guessed it would take Tom at least two days,
if not more, to get there. Tom kissed his new bride and left on foot.
Soon he was out of sight. The Duchess and Piney were surprised, and
frightened, when Oakhurst also turned to leave. “You’re not going, too,”
they cried. He said, “Only a little way. I need to find us some help.”
At that time of year, daylight did not last long. When night came,
Oakhurst had not returned. The two women were too hungry, weak, and cold
to even add more wood to the fire. They passed the stormy night holding
each other close. And that is the way they were found the next morning
when help arrived from Poker Flat. They had frozen to death during the
The rescuers from town said that they had been right to force the
outcasts to leave Poker Flat. But they never thought the punishment
would end up like this. Justice was one thing, but freezing people to
death was not their aim. And then they thought of the gambler. Where was
he? What had happened to him? They searched as best they could. And then,
they found him.
Under a tall tree a playing card was stuck into the wood by a knife. On
the card was written: “Beneath this tree lies the body of John Oakhurst,
who had some bad luck starting the twenty-third of November, eighteen
fifty. He handed in his cards on the seventh of December, the same year.”
Oakhurst sat there, cold and still. They said he looked peaceful. A
single bullet from a small hand gun nearby had ended his life. John
Oakhurst had been both the strongest, and the weakest, of the outcasts
of Poker Flat.
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