Eliminación o disminución de reglas y reglamentos
que afectan a un negocio.
Cobrar menos que el costo actual o menos que el
precio del país de origen en artículos vendidos en otros países.
Comercio internacional libre de gravamen por
Límites fijos en la cantidad de importaciones que
una nación permitirá por un producto específico.
Impuestos exigidos en importaciones.
Cuotas impuestas sobre los bienes que se trajeron
al país, también llamado Import Tax.
Políticas gubernamentales destinadas a proteger la
economía de un país de la competencia foránea.
Listen and repeat the vocabulary.
Match the following sentence halves together. Follow the example.
Example: We hope to take
1. If you are unable to meet
2. If you would like to place
3. Would you please inform us who will be
4. Maynard Shipping has quoted
5. Could you inform us when you will be
6. We're attemting to break into
Listen and repeat.
Try to remember the verb collocations from the previous sentences. Choose the
most suitable verb for each collocation.
1. the delivery date 2. an order 3. insurance cover 4. a good price 5. the documents 6. into the American market
Listen and repeat.
Write an abbreviation for each of the following shipping terms. Choose from the
following list. The first abbreviation has been done for you. There are two
extra abbreviations which do not need to use.
BILL OF LADING
BILL OF EXCHANGE
VALUE ADDED TAX
LETTER OF CREDIT
CASH ON DELIVERY
FREE ON BOARD
COST AND FREIGHT
COST, INSURANCE AND FREIGHT
FREE ALONGSIDE SHIP (FRANCO QUAY)
Listen and repeat.
Now choose the correct abbreviation for each of the following definitions.
1. The price includes all costs up to where
the goods are being shipped from. After that. The buyer has to pay.
2. A bill of lading that covers domestic and
international flights which send goods to a particular destination.
3. If you see this, you must pay when the
goods are delivered to you.
4. The price paid to the seller which
includes packaging and freight, but not insurance.
5. A document which contains details of
goods shipped. In American English this is a waybill.
6. This is a written order which means that
a person must pay money at a future date or on demand.
7. You may see this abbreviation on your
8. This often appears on an invoice. In
Spanish the abbreviation is IVA.
9. The price paid to the seller which
includes packaging, freight and insurance.
A contract with a ship owner to hire all or part of a ship for
transporting goods - may involve a charter.
The forwarding agreement or carrying agreement between shipper and air
carrier that is used as a receipt for cargo and as a contract of
Bill of Lading
A document issued by a carrier which is evidence of receipt of the
goods, and is a contract of carriage. It describes the goods, the
details of the intended voyage, and it specifies the conditions of
transportation. If issued in negotiable form, i.e. "to order", it
becomes documentary evidence of title to the goods.
An agent appointed by an airline or shipping line to solicit and process
international air and ocean freight shipments.
Certificate of Origin
A certified document presented to customs authorities which shows the
national origin of goods for import.
The official transaction record between an exporter and an importer for
The authorities designated to collect duties, taxes or other charges
levied by a country on imports and exports (also applying to the
procedures involved in such collection). Customs also enforces
import/export rules mandated by the country's government.
Exports are the physical movement of goods out of a country.
A formal statement declaring full details about goods being exported,
that is made to customs at a port of exit.
Free Trade Agreement
An arrangement which establishes unimpeded exchange and flow of goods
and services between trading partners regardless of national borders.
A business that handles import/export shipments, and provides
information and assistance for importing/exporting.
The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (or Harmonized
System, HS) is a system for classifying goods in international trade,
developed under the auspices of the Customs Cooperation Council (now
known as the World Customs Organization).
Imports are the physical movement of goods into a country.
Import restrictions are applied by a country to control the volume and
type of goods coming into it from other countries and may include the
imposition of tariffs, surcharges or import quotas, restrictions on the
amount of foreign currency available to cover imports, a requirement for
import deposits, or the prohibition of various categories of imports.
A list that shows the information necessary for transport along with the
number and kinds of items being shipped in each box.
Port of Entry
The port where foreign goods are examined and cleared by customs to be
admitted into the receiving country.
A pro-forma invoice is a document that may be provided by a supplier
prior to the shipment of merchandise that informs the buyer of the kinds
and quantities of goods to be sent, their value and important
specifications (weight, size, etc.).
Shipment Reference Number
A number or code that a company assigns to their shipment to assist with
their internal record keeping.
Tax imposed on imported merchandise on a per unit basis. Usually based
on the net weight or number of pieces, etc.
A comprehensive list of all goods that a country may import and the
import duties applicable to each product.
An value that represents the sale price or fair market value, etc.